NEW YORK (Reuters) – Wall Street rebounded on Friday to close at its highest in two weeks after a strong jobs report and assurances from Federal Reserve Chairman Jerome Powell that the central bank would be patient and flexible in steering the course of interest rates.
In a session emblematic of the elevated volatility that has gripped markets for weeks, all three major U.S. stock indexes surged more than 3 percent in one of the broadest advances in years. The gains more than wiped out the previous session’s losses and were led by the technology sector, which bounced back from its largest one-day decline in more than seven years after Apple Inc (AAPL.O) cut it sales outlook.
Since hitting a 20-month low on Christmas Eve just a rounding error from levels considered to be a bear market, the S&P 500 Index .SPX has now gained 7.7 percent. Friday’s advance, measured by the number of stocks rising versus those falling, was the broadest in more than eight years.
The main catalysts for the surge were the monthly U.S. payrolls report, which blew past economists’ forecasts with the largest number of jobs created in 10 months, and comments by the Fed’s Powell.
In remarks to the American Economic Association, Powell soothed market nerves with assurances that the central bank is sensitive to risks that worry investors and is not on a preset path of interest rate hikes.
Speaking after months of volatility in world bond and stock markets, Powell avoided some of the communication missteps that in the past have roiled rather than calmed investors. He also pledged to stay in his post even if asked to quit by President Donald Trump, who has repeatedly chastised the man he put in the job over the Fed’s repeated rate hikes.
“(Powell is) saying the right things: that the Fed is prepared to shift, that it’s listening carefully, that it’s sensitive to the messages the market is sending,” said James Athey, Senior Investment Manager, Aberdeen Standard Investments, in London. “It’s a good message for the market that is starting to consume itself out of fear.”
Still, others warn that the market’s up-and-down roller coaster ride this week could be the new normal.
“While days like today feel good, we still anticipate more economic weakness ahead and expect a continued back-and-forth grind in markets,” said Eric Freedman, chief investment officer at U.S. Bank Wealth Management in Minneapolis.
News that China and the United States would hold trade talks in Beijing next week helped tariff-vulnerable industrials lead the Dow’s rally, headed by Caterpillar Inc (CAT.N), United Technologies Corp (UTX.N), 3M Co (MMM.N) and Boeing Co (BA.N).
The Dow Jones Industrial Average .DJI rose 746.94 points, or 3.29 percent, to 23,433.16, the S&P 500 .SPX gained 84.05 points, or 3.43 percent, to 2,531.94 and the Nasdaq Composite .IXIC added 275.35 points, or 4.26 percent, to 6,738.86.
All 11 major sectors of the S&P 500 ended the session in positive territory, with technology, communications services .SPLRCL, materials .SPLRCM and industrial .SPLRCI stocks seeing the largest percentage gains.
Apple shares rose 4.3 percent and led the tech sector’s advance as the company began to recover ground lost after warning of a holiday quarter revenue shortfall on Wednesday.
Netflix jumped 9.7 percent after Goldman Sachs added the streaming service to its “conviction list.”
Advancing issues outnumbered declining ones on the NYSE by a 7.64-to-1 ratio; on Nasdaq, a 6.22-to-1 ratio favored advancers.
The S&P 500 posted no new 52-week highs and 1 new low; the Nasdaq Composite recorded 5 new highs and 19 new lows.
Volume on U.S. exchanges was 8.68 billion shares, compared to the 9.14 billion average over the last 20 trading days.